Scientists, professionals, teachers, industrialists etc all over the world are engaged in research to find solution for many existing problems. The results of these researches published in many forms. The outcome of one's research become the input for other scientists. It is observed that there is time lag in the publication of information to its use. It is the responsibility of libraries to reduce the gap between information and users. Therefore, the researcher has decided to study the time lag between these two poles when books reached to the end users through the library. For calculating the time required during the flow of information between books to user through library, the researcher has identified four phases as. 1) Time lag between year of publication of books to the date on which it received to the library. 2) Time lag between books received to the library to processed date of books. 3) Time lag between date on which books received to the library to the books issued first time to users. 4) The time lag between year of publication of books to the books issued first time to users.
What can we learn about the world from engaging with fictional time-series-stories involving time travellers, recurring and rewinding time, and foreknowledge of the future? Craig Bourne and Emily Caddick Bourne show how we can use the complexities of fictional time to get to the core of the relation between truth in fiction and possibility.
A vernacular landscape is one that has naturally developed through the everyday use of a certain space. It reveals the relationship between humans and nature in a particular time in history and can be found in the interaction between human cultures, the built environment, and the natural environment. Over time, ordinary landscapes have evolved, in part because of development by human beings. These man-made changes resulted in new forms and patterns in the vernacular landscape.
This monograph is a comparative study of the industrial relations and human resource implications of flexible working time arrangements between two similar organisations (in terms of size and function) in the UK and the Netherlands. The conception of flexible working time used in this study is taken to be a board term encompassing working patterns outside ‘9 to 5''. The two organisations examined are not-for-profit plasma fractionators: the UK''s BPL and the Dutch CLB. The monograph, drawing on developments in working time in the two countries and across the European Union, looks for observations of these trends in the organisations. The study shows that, despite some strong European trends towards convergence of working time arrangements, there are significant differences between both countries and between the two organisations studied. This is explained in terms of political, economic, social and cultural factors. Both organisations have forms of flexible working, however, in the UK this is employer driven, whereas in the Netherlands there is a firmer balance between meetings the needs of employer and employees.
Time and cost are the two most important constraints among the four project constraints which are time,cost,quality and safety in project management. In this desertation I have addressed two of the above constraints and it is very interesting issues for project stakeholders in construction and other projects. This desertation has shown the relation ship between time and cost and a model is developed to predict construction time knowing project cost.Further more,this work has shown that there is a direct relationship between Construction cost and building total floor area and a model is develped to predict cost knowing the total floor area of the building from preliminary design. The desertaion can be used as asource document for further study.Similarly the desertation has reviewed different publications which are written in the area.
The book "Relationship Between Unemployment and Economic Growth in Nigeria" tries to explain the interactions between these two important concepts unemployment and economic growth especially as it is in Nigeria and in the world, using the Okun`s Law as the theoretical foundation. In order to achieve this, recent literature were reviewed. Also, time series data were used to empirically ascertain the nature of these interactions; ranging from the short-run impacts (OLS), direction of causality (Granger causality), long run relationship (Jansen Co integration) and then the error correction mechanism (ECM). The interesting thing about the ECM is that it was computed using the generalized linear model (GLM). This work will expose readers to latest techniques used in analyzing time series data as well as make them conversant with applied econometrics.
We introduce probabilistic stochastic interest rate models in continuous time. For selected models we discuss the difference between forward and futures interest rates; convexity adjustment. In the final part of the study, we analyze the arbitrage existence between interest rates and currency exchange rates (evaluated on Ho-Lee model). Due to high sensitivity of convexity adjustment to the applied time series stability, we investigate the equilibrium in the pre-crisis period.
Time series models can be used for generating data for planning and design or estimating the future outcomes of the processes. For the stochastic modeling of hydrologic time series, various models are offered depending on the type of the time series (yearly, monthly, daily, etc.). In stochastic modeling of time series in hydrology, one of the encounter important problem encountered is the choice of the best model type between alternative models.
The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference between the overarm (OA) and the sidearm (SA) throwing styles in softball players. The movement time (ball contact to release), flight time (release to target contact) and total time (ball contact to target contact) were measured in 31 Division I collegiate female, right-handed softball infielders. The participants each completed 10 fielding and throwing trials (5 SA and 5 OA) in a “game-like situation”. The results showed the SA movement time is quicker than the OA movement time, the SA flight time is slower than the OA flight time, and the SA total time is quicker than the OA total time, demonstrating that the SA throwing style is quicker. Common SA mechanics were then investigated examining three groups of SA throws, fast, moderate and slow SA throws. The results indicate a significant difference between the fast, moderate and slow SA throwing groups in areas of movement time, flight time and specific mechanics such as wind-up phase, stride phase and trunk lean at release of the ball. With these results, recommendations can be made to improve upon and make the SA throw a more efficient throwing technique.
Glenohumeral internal rotation deficits (GIRD) have been found in overhead athletes but comparisons of GIRD between sports has not been closely investigated. With the different performance demands of the shoulder, depending on the sport involved, produce different ranges of GIRD. Comparisons between overhead motion athletes, non-overhead and sporadic overhead motion athletes may indicate GIRD. These rotational differences may also occur acutely or over time. The objective of this study was to analyze the presence of GIRD between overhead non-overhead, and part-time overhead athletes.
As well as learning to read the time on the clock, children can lift the flaps to learn other concepts of time too, such as the difference between a fortnight and a decade, how many days are in a leap year and how to read a 24-hour clock. A great way for children to hone and develop time-telling and mathematic skills away from the classroom. Includes a clock to build, with pop out hands, to help answer the puzzles in a fast-paced time challenge.
In Malaysia, more than 50% of the registered vehicles are motorcycle and it becomes one of the most important forms of personal transportation. Approximately 52.2% of all fatalities and 70.9% of all casualties related to MVCs in Kelantan were motorcycle riders and pillion riders. The study aimed to determine the trend of motorcycle crashes in Kelantan between 1998 and 2003. The study revealed that majority of road traffic injuries involved motorcycle users. The proportion of fatality was between 8.6% and 10.7% and majority involved those aged 11-30 years. About 90% of the fatal motorcycle injuries were male. The peak hour for fatality was between 4.00 and 8.00 in the afternoons. There was no seasonal pattern of motorcycle accidents but, there was significant linear increasing trend over time (p