There have been war and conflicts in Burundi – East Africa since 1959. Many people died and others fled to other countries but the recent ones of 1993 created many afflictions. The author is moved by the desire to find a Christian process to alleviate the suffering of the post war Barundi Community in general and the Anglican Diocese of Bujumbura in particular. The work examines the understanding and implications of Christian healing ministry among the Barundi. In this section, the significance of different terms is given and the clarification of the sufferings that Barundi are going through. Then the ways that healing can be carried out in the church by showing first, the wound situation and the methods which can be used to heal these wounds. More on that, some contributions done by the Church and other bodies are written in this work. Chapter one is an introduction of the dissertation. Chapter two is the Biblical teaching of healing. Chapter three is the understanding and implications of healing among the Barundi. Chapter four demonstrates the contribution of the Church and other institutions. Chapter five specifies a general conclusion and recommendations.
This research seeks to locate the existence of interfaith distrust between the Muslim and Christian communities in the UK since the 9/11 terrorist attack in America and 7/7 London bombing in the UK. Firstly, this research study begins with reviewing a range of post-9/11 and post-7/7 international political debates and their impact which has yielded a multitude of components of communal distrust, such as fear, shock, insecurity and threats. Secondly, this study explores the trust and its elements from theoretical perspectives. Thirdly, the study addresses the policy approaches where it finds the comparative interfaith relations between Muslims and Christians from the socio-political milieu. It also investigates the concept of multiculturalism and the idea of Islamophobia and their impact on the post-9/11 and post-7/7 interfaith trust between the Muslim and Christian communities in the UK. Finally, a case study on post-9/11 and post-7/7 communal distrust between the Muslim and Christian communities of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets enables an understanding of the factors of interfaith distrust and opens a critical space for its future scholastic contestation.
This is a qualitative study of the perspectives of the Burundian people, leaders and the international community on the role of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission in promoting reconciliation in Burundi. Literature on transitional justice argues that TRCs promote reconciliation. According to Lederach, reconciliation is a place where truth and mercy, justice and peace meet. The objective is to explore how Burundian people think a truth and reconciliation commission can impact reconciliation in Burundi, after decades of interethnic conflict, fourteen years after the Arusha Accord which suggested the creation of that TRC even if it has not yet taken place. The study also explores briefly the history of the Burundian interethnic conflict during the pre-colonial, the colonial and the post-colonial eras. After independence, the country was not able to build unity or equal and fair distribution of resources among the three ethnic groups (Hutu, Tutsi and Twa).This study suggests that reconciliation should be the outcome of a slow development of local initiatives such as the Bashingantahe practice that brings together two conflicting individuals or groups and obliges them to share a drink
This book follows the thinking of eight Christians in a Toronto Church as they grapple with their encounter with people of other faiths. In a carefully planned study the author led them through an intentional course including a reflection of their own attitudies, an investigation of how the Church tackled this issue throughout its history, and introduced them to three positions of Exclusivism, Inclusivism and Pluralism. Based on a Doctor of Ministry Thesis, the book consists of presentions of the author's research and educational methodology, his critical theological investigation of existing theories, his own conclusions, and how it affected his ministry. It is a good introduction to theology of religions and contains study material ready to use by any one who wishes to lead a discussion on how a Christian responds to her and his neighbours of other faiths.
This book is about the international political structure of the world after the Cold War. It focuses on how the international political scene at the time influenced Japan's nuclear policy. The book is based on the theory of International Relations scholar from the Neorealist school of thought, Kenneth Waltz. His theory posits that, in an international political structure, the behavior of a state is influenced by the behavior of other states. And that these states tend to behave in a similar manner. Waltz refers to this as the, Theory of International Politics. The main aim of this book was to challenge Waltz' theory by giving evidence that state behavior is not always influenced on a structural level but on a unit(state) level. This was carried out by using Japan as a case study and analyzing its behavior after the Cold War and comparing its policies with those of other states during that period.
Post operative pain is induced by peripheral and central sensitization of structures involved in nociception. Pain can be minimized by the use of analgesic drugs prior to pain stimulation such as surgery. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase -2 (cox - 2) activity leads to reduction in prostaglandin production and its effect in inflammation and pain. In this book an experimental study was done on the inhibition of fracture healing possibly resulting from cyclooxygenase - 2 inhibition by Celecoxib. The orthopaedic community embraced the coxibs as a result of their effectiveness and favorable side effect profile. The coxibs have proved valuable in the treatment of post operative pain as well as pain associated with knee and hip ostheoarthritis. Studies have raised concern that coxib may delay fracture healing and tendon healing. This study however confirms that inhibition of cyclooxygenase enzymes impairs fracture healing and that the effects are dependent on the dose.
If there was a practice heavily attacked by early Christian missionaries in Africa, it is African traditional healing practice and the role of traditional medicine men and women in the wellbeing of society. These were not only considered heathen, but also hindrances to the initiatives of missionaries to propagate their Christian message. However, African traditional medicine and medicine men and women are still major sources of healing for most African people (both Christians and non-Christians) until now. This book examines why most Africans have not abandoned their traditional healing practices despite the condemnations of churches and the vast promises of modern medical treatments around them. It analyzes the place of each medical practice in God’s call to participate in the healing ministry. The book argues that African traditional medicine and medicine men and women are also called by God to participate in the healing ministry as are any other healers. Therefore, this book is important in both medical and theological studies because it reflects on the contribution of both biomedical and African traditional medical practices towards promoting the wellbeing of God’s people.
This book is an analysis of the treatment of social classes and class consciousness with particular references to the works of the prominent exponents of the New Wave of British theatre. The study roughly covers the years 1956-1965, a crucial period in modern British dramatic history when once again the theatre took its position as a leading form of art and the British drama began to achieve an international reputation again. With post-war British society becoming polarized along the class lines, working-class realism, debates about class consciousness, class conflict and other topics related to social stratification moved on in a new and unprecedented way, and found a considerable coverage in the New Wave of the theatre. Even after the Socialist Labour Government, class walls remained virtually intact and class conflict permeated every section of the society in its most intense form. Naturally, the compartmentalization of the post-war Britain became a fertile hunting ground for the dramatists under discussion, who all happened to be young, disaffected with, and rebellious to hegemonic values and class walls determining whole societal system.
Africans face challenges from the African Traditional worldview. These challenges come in the form of witchcraft, magic, infertility and certain life crisis. It is during these times of crisis that African Christianity faces a challenge from the African Traditional Religious world. Consequently, the African Initiated Churches including the Followers of Christ Church of God have identified this urgent need for the Christian Church in Africa. This thesis critically reflects on Faith-healing as practised by the African Initiated Churches. The proposal of the thesis points to the need for a theology of healing in Africa. There is an urgent need for a pastoral theology of care and counseling especially in times of crisis. The thesis does not attempt to judge the praxis and theology of the African Initiated Churches, but it rather highlights the existential needs of Africans. Furthermore, it is a provocative document which invites theologians, scholars, missiologist, church leaders and other religious practitioners for further research and exploration into the African religious cosmology.
The main goal of the present study is to seek whether there is a compatibility between Turkey and the European Union (EU) in meeting the key challenges in the global platform, with a special focus on the international crises. With this purpose, the first part has been allotted to the conceptual and historical background. It began with an effort to define the international crisis (and the concepts derived from it) by presenting a historical development. Then, the factors that provide a parallelism for Turkey’s and the EU’s reactions to crises have been explored. The last chapter is related to the historical evolution of crisis management in these two polities by according a place to NATO. In the second part, factual compatibility of action between the two actors constituted the main research theme. This effort has been materialized through three chapters. At first, diplomatic initiatives have been exposed. The second area of focus concerned the parallelism and divergences in the operational field. In the last chapter, two cases have been studied because of the particular importance that they have for Turkish foreign policy: Cyprus and Iraq.
The flailing structure of FATA is mostly attributed to the state’s lack of response to the problems of FATA. It has almost been 14 years since the War on Terrorism was initiated but the state has remained unable to formulate counter terrorism initiatives and rehabilitation programs that could help to reintegrate the area and the tribes into the mainstream Pakistan. It is also important to note that FATA demands rigorous reformation in political, economic and social sense. The political leadership and the military must work together for the development of FATA. It can only be done when there will be a comprehensive plan put forth by the state authorities. The political will to reintegrate the locals and the area into mainstream Pakistan is of utmost importance. To ensure democracy, development and security in the region, the state needs to take active action. The rehabilitation program needs to be initiated with zeal and zest. The locals of the Tribal Area must be engaged in the peacebuilding process in the region because not only they know the area well but also requires state attention to ensure sustainable peace and security.
Based on interviews of MFIs in post war - Burundi about factors affecting their 2011 client loan defaults, this paper analyses how these factors contribute to a lower repayment rate using information asymmetry and enforcement model. The increase in in the number of risky borrowers as a result of a rise in the misunderstanding of a loan due to long-term relief intervention can lead to a high-risk, low- repayment rate equilibrium under adverse selection scenarios. Furthermore, the resulting loss of willingness to repay the loan makes enforcement difficult. The decrease in the incentive power of future loans due to client migration, a lower social stigma resulting from the creation of various population features in the community & people displacement and a lower implicit group collateral possibility as a result of household asset losses weaken peer pressure, monitoring and enforcement mechanisms, thereby reducing the loan repayment rate. Understanding the interrelationship of these factors is crucial for MFIs in a post-war setting for designing viable outreach strategies that sustainably addresses the financial needs of a post-war society.
With the unprecedented political landscape in Africa, questions of how African states deal with human rights violations are begging. Post-conflict trauma healing has become a topical issue. However, the current transitional justice scholarship does not specify the culture-specific mechanisms of trauma healing. Instead, universal concepts of trauma healing often are applied across the cultures. In addition, most of scholars in this field do not have multiple professional qualifications and experiences in the key disciplines relevant to dealing with cross-cultural trauma healing in post-conflict situations: - psychiatry, psychology, social work, sociology, anthropology, theology, religion, political science, history, etc. Using Dinka of the Southern Sudan as a case, this book articulates the modest means of reinvigorating the indigenous rituals to address the traumas experienced by the victims of armed conflict. The book is based on the views solicited from the Dinka respondents regarding their experiences of post-conflict traumas, and the role of indigenous rituals in assuaging individual and communal traumas, and their contribution to reconciliation and healing.
Art is related to medicine. This work examines the tradition and heritage of the Luo people of Western Kenya and how they apply artistic creativity in their healing practices. It examines how myths, legends and folk narratives are employed in the administration of herbal medicine to the patient and because of their belief systems, the patient recovers. In some cases, there are no herbs involved, but the medicinemen totally rely on the myths to psyche their patients to overcome their illness. Traditional healing seeks to restore order in a world of disorder created by illness. This is why healing is timed to seasons and cycles of nature. Traditional healing is an artistic performance, which entails use of dramatic elements such as mine, costumes, stagecraft and spatial exploitation among others. Most traditional healers rely on well-known myths and legends to claim their powers. The healers use the sites of these myths and legends as healing shrines.
A blueprint for missional, multi-ethnic Christian community Efrem Smith, an internationally recognized and innovative African-American leader, offers a workable plan for connecting theology, practical ministry models, and real stories of people in multi-ethnic Christian communities. Using the example of Jesus, Smith develops a theology of multi-ethnic and missional leadership. Embracing urban and ethnic subcultures such as hip-hop, this book provides a rich mix of multi-ethnic church development, reconciliation theology, missional church thinking, and Christian community. Provides a common-sense approach to creating a multi-ethnic Christian community Includes practical ministry models and real stories of people who are members of thriving multi-ethnic congregations Author is acclaimed African-American thought leader who planted and led a multi-ethnic churches of close to 1,000 and now leads a regional division of a denominational committed to ethnic, multi-ethnic, and missional churches This book is written for anyone wrestling with what it means to be a Christian in an increasingly multi-ethnic world polarized by class, politics, and race.