Since the return of Nigeria to Democratically elected government on May 29, 1999 the Country has been witnessing an unprecedented rate of crime and criminal related activities like Odua People’s Congress (OPC) in the South West, Bakassi Boys in the East, vandalization of oil pipelines and kidnapping of oil company workers in the South-South by Movement for Emancipation of Niger Delta (MEND), while in the North, the problem of sectarian crisis and implementation of Sharia law led to the emergence of Islamic Fundamentalist (Boko Haram). These ethnic militias and chauvinistic organization create instabilities which police cannot handle. The foregoing provide an impetus for one to assess the agencies of social control especially the police who are charged with the constitutional role of crime control in Nigeria in order to understand the problem that militate against their performance in contemporary societies and fine solution to the problems. The book will be of benefit to Sociologist, Criminologist, Security Agencies, and those who desire for peace the World over.
The increase in violent crimes, insecurity of lives and property and the inability of the police to effectively curb crime led the Oodua Peoples Congress (OPC) intervention in crime control in South Western Nigeria. In spite of the public belief in the organization as an effective mechanism of crime control, opinions are divided on its methods of operations and relationship with the police and the public. The study was therefore undertaken to assess the operations, effectiveness and public perception of the police towards the organization. Two Local Government Areas (LGAs) from the 20 LGAs that make up Lagos state were selected purposively based on high population density, high incidence of crime and the presence of OPC security outfit. Data were obtained through the administration of two structured questionnaires,In-depth Interviews, and Focus Group Discussions.There was drastic reduction in crime in Lagos sequel to OPC intervention as affirmed by 79.2% of the public and 71.5% of the police respondents. Since OPC roles in crime control as discovered from the study is not in doubt, there is therefore, an urgent need for a proper training of OPC members in community policing.
Soil salinity builds up in many agricultural soils, especially in the irrigated arid and semi-arid regions through various soil processes. In severe cases, this leaves detrimental consequences to the overall soil system. Physicochemical analyses of Soil and water samples from the irrigated region of the Sokoto-Rima flood plains at Sokoto were conducted to evaluate their salinity status. The sandy-loam soils were labelled saline non-sodic, chiefly augmented by the saline non-sodic status of the irrigation water observed in the area. Proper irrigation/drainage management, planting salt-tolerant variety of crops and avoidance of uncontrolled burning would among others, assist minimize if not control the menace. This is an important book for undergraduate and graduate students; and researchers interested in soil conservation, salinity, and related disciplines with an especial reference to the sudano-sahelian region of Nigeria and other regions with similar irrigation-related problems elsewhere.
This Book discusses the Positive Role of Nigeria Police In The World History. It also emphasis on Human Rights, Challenges and the Positive Actions of Nigeria Police towards the People.This Book will be useful to Scholars, Researchers and all the Police in the World. LAP LAMBERT ACADEMIC PUBLISHING IS WORLD AND OCEAN OF KNOWLEDGE. Thank You.
The search for the strategies to develop West African economy finds undermined natural resource endowment syndrome. Oil palm is among the long neglected natural resources in Nigeria and Benin. The countries are endowed with rich material and human resources paramount in developing oil palm industry. This work shows the profitability of oil palm processing and the actual production situations. It revealed factors constraining the development of the industry and documents the production advantages available for processors. The viability and underlying potentials of the industry to the development of the economies were unveiled through estimated technical efficiency, profitability and labor-use. Synergies among stakeholders towards intensifying investments on this lucrative industry and policies to enhance bulky supply of FFB; checkmate the role of middle men in the FFB supply chain and; encourage increasing participation of women for enhanced technical efficiency are advocated. Such policies should gear towards provision of cheaper energy consuming mechanical devices for sterilization of palm nuts and decantation of crude palm oil.
The main objective of the study is to determine whether there is a lacuna in service delivery. Communities experience unacceptably high levels of crime and this study will determine whether the Cape Town Metropolitan Police Department provides adequate levels of service to combat such crime and whether the selfsame Cape Town Metropolitan Police Department contributes to a safe and secure environment. The study focuses on performance management within the public sector as it relates to service delivery. Service delivery in this instance is discussed from the premise of the Batho Pele principles enshrined in the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa and their impact on the selected communities as exemplified through the implementation of Cape Town Metropolitan Police Department’s vision, mission, values and service delivery standards. Although performance management is a well documented sub-discipline, it is still a new field in the South African public sector environment.The research concludes that a sustained improvement in productivity can be achieved by sustained performance management.
Shorttitle Child trafficking in whichever form is a social problem that is fast eating into the fabric of our national development, Nigeria. This study specifically examined the Public – Police Cooperation and Enforcement of Anti – Child trafficking laws in Ilorin, Kwara State. To achieve this objective, the study examined the relationship between the level of education and involvement in child – trafficking, the willingness of the public to co- operate with the police in enforcing anti – trafficking laws, impediments to public willingness to report child – trafficking, the level of police readiness and capacity to enforce anti – child trafficking laws, and assessment of the socio – demographic variables of the trafficked children. The study adopted descriptive survey research method with samples drawn randomly in Ilorin metropolis. A total of ninety eight (98) police and eighty public respondents were selected. Self administered questionnaire and interview schedule were utilized in securing the opinion of selected respondents. The collation and summary of the data were achieved through frequency counts and tables. The study did not generate hypotheses
The book examined the impact investment on economic growth in Nigeria.The book also assessed to failure or success of saving and investment gap in Nigeria.The study used annual data spanning from 1976 to 2006 on domestic investment proxy by capital formation and domestic saving in an effort to find out their impact on economic.It concluded the savings and investment engenders economic growth in Nigeria
Crime is the most worrisome social problem in contemporary Nigeria. Every Nigerian and indeed every foreigner is a potential victim of crime. The recent bombing and killings of Nigerians and foreigners at the United Nations Office in the country is a typical case in point. It is obvious that the unprecedented increase in the number of violent crimes in the country such as kidnapping, armed robbery and terrorism has resulted in a corresponding increase in the number of victims. It is regrettable and in fact very unfortunate that in spite of this deplorable situation, the needs of such victims have no provision in the country’s criminal code. This is happening at a time when most modern nations have recognized the need to accommodate the needs of crime victims in their criminal codes. This pathetic situation is the major worry of this book.
Soon Nigeria will pass controversial oil and gas legislation into law, the new bill has been perceived differently by different stakeholders worldwide. Subsequently, this research studied the proposed Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) and compared its proposed contentious PSC’s fiscal terms with that of Indonesia, to evaluate its competitiveness and impact on the final government/contractor take and to come up with a proven idea and insight about the PSC’s terms in PIB. Empirical data was used in acquiring information on the two countries’ fiscal regimes. Similarly, a sample of oil exploration and production project was assumed using similar data for the two countries, where the proposed fiscal terms in Nigeria were applied to identify its impact on the final government and contractor take at the end of the project. On the other hand, Explanatory and descriptive approach was applied in analysing and comparing the PSC’s fiscal regimes and how it affect the final government/contractor take in the two countries. The comparison and analysis undertaken has exposed the fair nature of the new PSC proposal in Nigerian PIB and identified areas of revisiting in the bill
Studies dealing with law enforcement, order maintenance and perception of the Nigeria police are primarily concerned with either the historical development of the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) or the use to which the police force has been put to by the federal military government. It is rare to find any systematic and extensive surveys of the opinions of the Nigerian public and that of the police officers, themselves, regarding how they perceive the NPF, its image and the possible ways their perceptions can affect the social organization of policing in the country.That is, how their views of the police force affect the methods they use to enforce laws and maintain order on the streets. This study filled this void; it surveyed the opinions of respondents which comprises of the Nigerian public and police officers concerning how they view the NPF and their job.
This book on local government administration in Nigeria provides a scholarly discussion on salient important aspects of functions and finance of local government in Nigeria using Baruten and Ilorin local governments as case studies. It focuses particularly on whether or not the quantum of fiscal resources available to the sub-national governments especially the third tier of government has enabled them to bring development to the people residing within the boundary of their jurisdiction. The outstanding features of the book are lucidity of language, intellectually stimulating treatment and comprehensiveness. It is modestly claimed that the book can serve as reference work for scholars and practitioners of Public Finance since copious quotations from standard works on the subjects have been included in the volume.
There is an upsurge in the crime of kidnapping in Nigeria. The phenomenon which started in the Niger Delta region of the country subsequently spread to other regions especially the southeast region. This book examined the crime of kidnapping in southeast Nigeria especially in Anambra and Abia states. The cross sectional survey design was adopted in the study. Several theories of crime were reviewed in the study. Many factors were found to be responsible for kidnapping in the region. Prominent among them are unemployment, debased value system and unprecedented penchant for materialism. The consequences of kidnapping were found to be enormous. They include among others, failure of businesses, death, lack of interpersonal trust, fear of being kidnapped. Based on the findings of the study, the researcher recommended among others, value re-orientation, provision of job opportunities and skill acquisition for the unemployed, use of sufficient technology to monitor the activities of kidnappers etc. This book will be of immense benefit to students of criminology in Nigeria, Africa and all over the world.
In Malawi, performance for the water sector has over the last decade not been very impressive considering the level of unsettled debts, growth stagnation, non payment of dividends to government and low level of new investments. The Public water utilities have been exhibiting poor financial performance through huge financial losses incurred. This study was aimed at assessing the financial performance of Water Boards with emphasis on operation efficiency, cost recovery, commercial performance, asset maintenance, current and quick ratios among other indicators. Conclusions were drawn and recommendations made.
The growth of gated communities around the world today is due to a number of reasons such as security, lifestyle, status and a search for community. Gated communities are creating problems of fragmentation of the urban fabric as well as deterioration of the public realm due to privatization of public space. The concept of gated communities in Nigeria is most prominent in the city of Lagos. Due to the disproportionate distribution of crime in the city of Lagos, residents adopt various measures to mitigate crime within their neighbourhoods. Some of these measures include living in gated communities and this has led to the increase in the growth of gated communities in the Lagos, which has also gradually spread to other cities in the country.