Since the return of Nigeria to Democratically elected government on May 29, 1999 the Country has been witnessing an unprecedented rate of crime and criminal related activities like Odua People’s Congress (OPC) in the South West, Bakassi Boys in the East, vandalization of oil pipelines and kidnapping of oil company workers in the South-South by Movement for Emancipation of Niger Delta (MEND), while in the North, the problem of sectarian crisis and implementation of Sharia law led to the emergence of Islamic Fundamentalist (Boko Haram). These ethnic militias and chauvinistic organization create instabilities which police cannot handle. The foregoing provide an impetus for one to assess the agencies of social control especially the police who are charged with the constitutional role of crime control in Nigeria in order to understand the problem that militate against their performance in contemporary societies and fine solution to the problems. The book will be of benefit to Sociologist, Criminologist, Security Agencies, and those who desire for peace the World over.
The increase in violent crimes, insecurity of lives and property and the inability of the police to effectively curb crime led the Oodua Peoples Congress (OPC) intervention in crime control in South Western Nigeria. In spite of the public belief in the organization as an effective mechanism of crime control, opinions are divided on its methods of operations and relationship with the police and the public. The study was therefore undertaken to assess the operations, effectiveness and public perception of the police towards the organization. Two Local Government Areas (LGAs) from the 20 LGAs that make up Lagos state were selected purposively based on high population density, high incidence of crime and the presence of OPC security outfit. Data were obtained through the administration of two structured questionnaires,In-depth Interviews, and Focus Group Discussions.There was drastic reduction in crime in Lagos sequel to OPC intervention as affirmed by 79.2% of the public and 71.5% of the police respondents. Since OPC roles in crime control as discovered from the study is not in doubt, there is therefore, an urgent need for a proper training of OPC members in community policing.
Assessment of Quality Control of Concrete Production works in Nigeria is a major contributions to this dynamic and technical area in construction industry. It explores the various factors that are germane in assessing the Quality Control in the Concrete Production works, since concrete is a major construction materials in Nigeria. It critically examined the theoretical and conceptual background in concrete production. Students, practitioners and manufacturers in the construction industry will find it of tremendous benefit.
This Book discusses the Positive Role of Nigeria Police In The World History. It also emphasis on Human Rights, Challenges and the Positive Actions of Nigeria Police towards the People.This Book will be useful to Scholars, Researchers and all the Police in the World. LAP LAMBERT ACADEMIC PUBLISHING IS WORLD AND OCEAN OF KNOWLEDGE. Thank You.
Crime control model and the due process model are equally important in the administration of criminal justice system in a legal system of a country. To realize the crime control model effectively, investigation must be conducted at minimum violations of human rights and less cost. Hence, this book explores what should be observed in the pre-trial criminal justice by law enforcement organs especially police during investigation. Further, the investigating police should observe the rights of arrestees during investigation not to cause suffer for those innocents in selecting out those criminals.
Crime is the most worrisome social problem in contemporary Nigeria. Every Nigerian and indeed every foreigner is a potential victim of crime. The recent bombing and killings of Nigerians and foreigners at the United Nations Office in the country is a typical case in point. It is obvious that the unprecedented increase in the number of violent crimes in the country such as kidnapping, armed robbery and terrorism has resulted in a corresponding increase in the number of victims. It is regrettable and in fact very unfortunate that in spite of this deplorable situation, the needs of such victims have no provision in the country’s criminal code. This is happening at a time when most modern nations have recognized the need to accommodate the needs of crime victims in their criminal codes. This pathetic situation is the major worry of this book.
Flood Risk Assessment, Case Studies from Nigeria, is an in- depth research directed towards environmental degradation and exploitation. The goal is to understand the past, the present and the future behaviour of of the whole earth system. On this basis, the interdisciplinary "High impact Flood risk assessment approach" has been applied to this research work. This has resulted in the development of geologic concepts and methods in enviromental scientific work. This work has documented Floor risk assessment;consequences, challenges and solutions in Niger Delta Region, Nigeria.
About the Book. In 2005, the incidence of counterfeit drugs in Nigeria was put at sixteen percent. By 2008, the figure increased to more than sixty-four percent of fake and substandard drugs in circulation, in spite of the strict regulatory procedures. This situation posed serious risks to public health. The book provided an in-depth assessment of the effects of regulatory procedures in Nigeria and recommended the Regulatory Excellence Model (REM) for the control of unethical marketing practices of the drug firms. This partnership model, which has universal application, entails the enlistment of every citizen of the country in the battle against drugs counterfeiting, and related practices.
Teachers’ understanding of children’s mathematics development through the use of a performance-based assessment was proposed to improve instruction in mathematics. The past and present achievement gap in mathematics in the nation has been evident. The problem may lie in teachers’ understanding of how children develop and learn in the domain. The performance-based assessment in this study provided teachers with a guide to understand children’s mathematical development. By understanding how each child learns, teachers were empowered to make instructional decisions to increase learning. The analyses of the findings showed a correlation between using performance-based assessment and the improvement in instructional skills in mathematics. The data imply that early childhood classrooms implementing a performance-based assessment in mathematics can improve the quality of instruction.
This book appraises the concept and practice of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in the Telecommunication and broadcast industry in Nigeria. It examines the crucial role of EIA in government decision – making process as it relates to the Telecommunication and broadcast industry in Nigeria. As an environmental management tool, EIA has been made a mandatory practice before siting of the telecommunication masts and base stations. The procedure of conducting an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was described and a comparative study of few African countries and the United Kingdom (UK) was made to elucidate on the common areas of practice. The institutional framework for telecommunication and broadcast industry has been critically analyzed to gauge the adequacy or otherwise of its regulatory role in ensuring that sustainable development is achieved in Nigeria.
Nigeria witnessed the outbreak of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in 2006. The disease threatened the means of livelihood of millions of Nigerians who were directly engaged in the poultry business. Apart from the over one million birds lost to the disease, Nigeria also recorded human casualty which occurred in Lagos State. This work reveals the utilization of the media in the dissemination of information about the prevention and control of Avian Influenza. The work will be an asset to communication scholars and government/ development agencies.
There is an upsurge in the crime of kidnapping in Nigeria. The phenomenon which started in the Niger Delta region of the country subsequently spread to other regions especially the southeast region. This book examined the crime of kidnapping in southeast Nigeria especially in Anambra and Abia states. The cross sectional survey design was adopted in the study. Several theories of crime were reviewed in the study. Many factors were found to be responsible for kidnapping in the region. Prominent among them are unemployment, debased value system and unprecedented penchant for materialism. The consequences of kidnapping were found to be enormous. They include among others, failure of businesses, death, lack of interpersonal trust, fear of being kidnapped. Based on the findings of the study, the researcher recommended among others, value re-orientation, provision of job opportunities and skill acquisition for the unemployed, use of sufficient technology to monitor the activities of kidnappers etc. This book will be of immense benefit to students of criminology in Nigeria, Africa and all over the world.
The increase in the rate at which technology especially Television watch and its derivatives is affecting academic performance in most of the Less Economically developed country is alarming. In Nigeria, the rate at which students are watching television and its derivatives is alarming and reflection of this err could be seen in the performance of students at respective exams such as WAEC and NECO. The book review literatures on educational system and development in Nigeria, factors affecting students performance in Nigeria educational system, impact of home video watch on behavioural changes among students, effect of media on children and adolescent and impact of home video on the academic performance of student.
The growth of gated communities around the world today is due to a number of reasons such as security, lifestyle, status and a search for community. Gated communities are creating problems of fragmentation of the urban fabric as well as deterioration of the public realm due to privatization of public space. The concept of gated communities in Nigeria is most prominent in the city of Lagos. Due to the disproportionate distribution of crime in the city of Lagos, residents adopt various measures to mitigate crime within their neighbourhoods. Some of these measures include living in gated communities and this has led to the increase in the growth of gated communities in the Lagos, which has also gradually spread to other cities in the country.
How did anxieties about crime and deviance emerge in the modern world, first in Europe and then in America? How did they come to occupy centre–stage in the ongoing drama played out in public discourse? And how have theories of crime and deviance related to the actual practices of social control and punishment, and to the main currents of social conflict? In this illuminating new book, Dario Melossi addresses these crucial questions, and at the same time offers an engaging survey of the theories of social control, crime and deviance. From the early work of Beccaria and Lombroso, via the pioneering sociology of 1920s Chicago, to 60s radicalism and the subsequent emergence of a “culture of fear”, the book covers the full range of theoretical thinking in this area, including more recent assessments of mass imprisonment in post–9/11 America. In a sharp and lucid style, Melossi argues that two orientations have always been battling each other in society, one in which the control of crime is paramount, and the other in which controlling crime becomes secondary to the exercise of wider social control.Conceived and written by a scholar who has been active for many years both in Europe and the United States, the text will be an invaluable aid to advanced students and scholars of sociology and criminology on both sides of the Atlantic.