Capacity building at an individual level needs the formation of an environment that allows individual participants to build and enhance existing knowledge and skills. For this, analysis of existing knowledge, attitudes and training need is a pre requisite, based on which there should be enough opportunities for continued learning. The study throws light on the prevailing conditions in the field of goat farming. The profile characteristics can be taken as indicators for the socio-economic upliftment of the goat farmers of the state.
The study focused at examining the capacity building of the farmers with a special reference to minor crops producers in Bangladesh. The results show that both vegetable and rice producers in the project area experienced a significant increase in profitability compared to farmers outside the project area. The study identified that the components of capacity building play a significant role in increasing technical efficiency and inefficiency can be reduced significantly and actual return can be obtained up to maximum level by increasing different capitals of capacity building. Moreover, the study found that majority of the marginal and small farmers are well ahead in improving physical and technical skills at a high level than the medium farmers and therefore, they enter into the Gehilfen stage of capacity building. In addition, the farmers with low physical, technical, and communication skills, and the farmers who built up these skills at later life stages are far behind in achieving maximum obtainable return. Finally, the study explored that the farmers with high capacity building changes their household expenditure pattern towards up taking of a balanced nutrition.
Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica are found in all province of Pakistan. Naturally occurring and experimental F. gigantica infection in sheep and goat has been reported previously from Pakistan and other countries. During the present studies F. gigantica infection in both goat and sheep was found. It was more common in goat than in sheep. While F. hepatica infection was not found in goat but this infection was more frequently observed in sheep. This infection causes severe pathological conditions and affects the health and produce capacity. Fascioliasis is also of public health importance and human cases have been reported from several countries. This information is useful for parasitologists, sheep and goat raising agencies, farmers and researchers in this field.
Rice cultivation faces challenges across the world and India is no exception. With the increasing cost of cultivation of paddy coupled with labour scarcity, sustaining the interest of farmers in rice cultivation has become a challenge. Thus, there is an urgent need to produce more output with a drop of water owing to water scarcity. This study has envisaged to examine the issues in adoption and dis-adoption and its impact on resource use, yield and efficiency of SRI farmers in Palakkad district of Kerala, India. The present study revealed that SRI can be further adopted and practiced by farmers if there is an improvement in SRI extension service delivery. The main problem associated with discontinuance behaviour of farmers was shortage of skilled labour. Training and education to farmers on SRI techniques should be enhanced so that skilled labour is available for various operations and farmers can adopt SRI technologies to their own resource endowments and constraints to improve their rice production. The farmers should also be provided with essential institutional support through technology and capacity building.
A field investigation was conducted in 2008 from August to November in Mashyam,Pipaldada,Bhairavsthan VDCs of palpa district of Nepal to emphasized the perceptions of farmers towards feed and froage selection to achieve through exploring the motives under lying the farmers’ attitudes towards new technology adoption. Field level simple random sample survey in 30 households was conduct and focus Group Discussion (FGD) was organized in Mashyam, Pipaldada, Bhairavsthan VDCs of Palpa district. The feed and fodder supplied by the farmers to the livestock was varied from individual to individual. The farmers believe that the supplement improved feed and forages contribute to increase about 1-2 liters milk production per day per animal in case of cattle and buffalo and total weight gain in case of goat is also increased 2-3 kg per year.
Under the aegis of the African Energy Policy Research Network (AFREPREN) Capacity Building Theme Group, a regional study and four country studies (Zimbabwe, Mauritius, Ethiopia, and South Africa) addressed the capacity building question in the African power sector. This volume presents the findings of the studies. The studies analyze issues of manpower recruitment, training, and retention in national power utilities. They also highlight the challenges and implications of capacity building initiatives in a reforming electricity industry and propose innovative options for capacity building in the region's power sector.
Paraquat is a widely used herbicide for range of crops throughout the world for effective control of weeds. It greatly benefits farmers, society, technocrats and the environment if it is used in prescribed quantity. Every where there is a much concern about the protection of future generation and environment. The introduction of new Organic policy and Green earth policy in State like Kerala deserves attention on the issue of using Paraquat. This book deals with Perception of farmers towards use of Paraquat studied in five dimensions viz., Safety aspects, Economic advantage, Spectrum of crops benefited, alternate solutions available and Health hazards. The study will serve as basic input for Researchers, Students, Extension Professionals, Policy makers and Farmers who interested in saving earth and environment.
Sheep along with goat are important economic livestock species, contribute greatly to the economy of tropical countries especially in arid/semi-arid and mountainous areas. They play important roles in the livelihood of a large percentage of small and marginal farmers and landless labourers engaged in sheep rearing. The success of cryopreservation of small ruminant semen is not as successful as in cattle. There are many ways to improve the cryopreservation of semen. The one is feeding herbal antioxidants are foremost important to these small ruminants to improve the quality of semen and reproductive performance. This book will help the sheep and goat breeders and farmers to improve the fertility in natural and artificial breeding and reproductive performance in cost effective manner.
A study was conducted to determine the growth performance and socioeconomic impacts of Khari goat,a Nepalese indigenous goat and its crosses under farmer managed condition in Lamjung district of Nepal.The study covered an experiment with selected male and female goat of 3-4 month age under farmers’ management.CRD design was employed for the study having four treatments with five replications. Treatment included Khari (T1),Khari x Jamunapari(T2),Boer x Jamunapari(T3,and Boer x Khari (T4).Growth related parameters were measured for 30,60,90 and 120 days after the beginning of the experiment.Findings of the experiment revealed that weight gain of Boer crossbred male kids was significantly different (p>0.01),with respect to daily average weight gain,as well as cumulative body weight gain. while the values were statistically similar among the treatments for female kids. Accordingly,the overall average daily weight gain of male kids was highest in Boer x Khari (136±0.01 g/day.The results of this study clearly showed superiority of Boer x Khari crossbred kids in terms of growth performance. Study results also showed a possibility of developing Boer crossbred goat enterprises in Nepal.
In this research, a combination of literature study, surveys, as well as annual research review participation were implemented. The results of the study showed that different factors are constraining the system in the area. Low capacity of farmers, lack of motivation of stakeholders, lack of motivation and knowledge of development agents, poor linkage among actors, negligence of farmers’ indigenous knowledge, and low interest/resistance of farmers to newly emerging technologies were among the main bottlenecks in their respective orders. Based on the finding of this study, it is concluded that practicing participatory research approach, capacity building, training, and mobilization of farmers towards agricultural information & knowledge transfer system, equipping development agent workers with knowledge, motivating them and monitoring their performance, giving air time in the government Medias to broadcast agricultural information, considering and incorporating farmers indigenous knowledge from the beginning of technology development needs to get due attention so as to improve the information system as well as smallholders livelihood.
Agriculture occupies an important place in the economic life of Kerala, Republic of India as it provides the key to economic growth and fluctuations there in; overall economic growth of the state is greatly influenced by growth achieved in agricultural sector. In terms of per capita income and production, Kerala is lagging behind many of the Indian States. But in terms of Human Development Index and life standard of the people, Kerala is much ahead of the most other states in India and on par with some of the developed countries. The book will help the students, scientists and policy makers to understand the intra-regional disparities of agricultural development in Kerala state.
The lives of the entire global community are increasingly jeopardized by the effects of climate change. Agriculture which everybody depends on for food is the most highly affected sector. Rice, the second most staple food crop in Ghana has experienced a tremendous decline in yield over the decades in Northern Region of Ghana. Each year, farmers are changing their ways of cultivating rice either consciously or unconsciously. In order to conduct evidence base research, both primary and secondary data were subjected to econometric analyses to empirically determine the evidence of climate change, its effects and farmers’ adaptive capacity levels in the study area and Ghana as a whole. The results of the study indicate that climate change is evident. The commonly used adaptation strategy for rice production is the increased in the cultivation of rice near water bodies. On the average, farmers are moderately adaptive to climate change. Also, high adaptive capacity farmers obtain 9 more 50kg bag of paddy rice than low adaptive capacity farmers. From the rice yield regression results, if average annual temperature increases by 10C, rice yield will decrease by 0.15mt/ha.
This research accepted by Egerton University, Njoro-Kenya in 2006, highlights some of the factors that could explain the observed low adoption of Crossbred Goat Technology among smallholder farmers around Macalder Sheep and Goat Multiplication Station, located in Southeast Kadem Location of Nyatike Division in Migori District-Kenya.It adds to an already existing wealth of literature regarding adoption of agricultural technologies, and could be useful to extension agents, researchers, and policy makers in Kenya, East Africa and across the globe. It is unique in the sense that it looks at the adoption of Small East African/Boer Crossbred Goat Technology that the Station has been breeding since its inception in 1980. While statistical tools have been used to analyze the findings, they have been extensively compared with findings from similar studies in Kenya and the World, making this work very relevant to extension agents and researchers who may want to use the findings for teaching and/or replication. Further, the recommendations are useful to governments.The language used is simple and captivating, making it easy to read and understand.
Local farmers in Ethiopia, despite their awareness about the limited productivity of their farms and animals, are more than often not reluctant to change their way of farming and not ready to adopt technologies that may help them to enhance their productivity and livelihoods. Apart from the general limitation in financial support that is given to rural farmers, there are different factors that limit the capacity of rural farmers to adopt a productivity enhancing agricultural technology. The capacity may be limited due to lack of awareness, gender based problems, market irregularities and insecurities, and land tenure insecurity etc. Selam Balehey has undertaken an extensive survey among local farmers in Zuria Gonder Bilajik Peasant Association, Northern Ethiopia to evaluate and investigate the capacity of farmers towards adopting new agricultural technologies. Interesting findings which should be taken into consideration in future agricultural development endeavors are reported.
Zimbabwe's small ruminant population comprises 3.3 million. Approximately 97% of the goats are owned by the smallholder farmers. The majority of goats are indigenous, either of the smaller type (East African goat) found in the eastern and central areas or the larger type (Matebele goat) of the southern and western Zimbabwe Goats form an integral but rarely dominant component of smallholder farming system in Zimbabwe. Goats are the second species after cattle to provide people in the country with red meat. They are most valued primarily for meat production although by products such as blood and bone meal have a commercial value. The goat industry has a potential to contribute to urban meat supply in two ways: by proving low cost meat for poorer urban dwellers as well as meat of a defined quality and consistent standard for supermarket and chain stores. Meat production continues to be the subject of much research and carcass characteristics have been central to this effect but not much has been done on carcass evaluation in indigenous goat breeds in Zimbabwe. However more research work on goat meat quality attributes such as fatty acids profiles may be necessary in goats