Efficiency can be measured by the relationship between inputs available in the organization and outputs earned by the organization. Measuring the relative efficiency is a verification of the organization and it tries to understand the position at present. Based on the efficiency measurement one can understand the organization is efficient or not? and also identify the reason behind the inefficient. It also suggest that the inefficient organization where it should give attention for improvement either in technology nor capability.
The present work of book was started with basic questions like, How are the Indian ports performing? Whether the performances of the ports are based on their magnitude of operation? Whether size influences the efficiency of a port? To answer these above questions this book frames the objectives in the following direction. To study the operational efficiency of major ports in India based on its size. To measure the operational efficiency of minor ports in India on the basis of its size. This book have used Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to measure the efficiency of ports in India. As a preliminary attempt, it was measured the efficiency through DEA – CCR (1978) and DEA – BCC (1984) models and also verified the utilization of capacity of ports through DEA – Additive CRS and DEA – Additive – VRS models and DEA A & P (1993) super efficiency model to know the degree of efficiency of the ports that are identified as efficient by the other DEA models. The book have divided into seven chapters. The whole work divided into seven chapters.
With economic and financial sector reforms introduced in India since the early 1990s, the operating environment for banks in India has undergone a rapid change. Foreign banks have been operating in India for more than a century and a half. The operations of FBs received a considerable boost during the post-reform era beginning with the year 1993. In the emerging financial and banking scenario of openness and promotion of greater economic efficiency, the need for an expanded role and operation of foreign banks has gained further backing in India. The policy stance towards foreign banks has greatly been liberalised and the latest in the series being the declaration of the ‘Road Map of FBs'' by the RBI implying completely new avenues for growth and different prototypes of representations in India. In this context, it would be important to assess the financial health of the foreign banks. The present study seeks to pinpoint the strength and weaknesses of the select foreign banks under study and to have comparisons with the domestic banks in terms of growth, profitability and operational efficiency.
In this work, the relations between data envelopment analysis and queuing models are proposed. Via our new approach, some drawbacks of the previously methods for large scale computer networks are rectified. Meanwhile the proposed method is also defined for fuzzy queuing models. The major goal of our new aspect is the relation between DEA and queuing system which has been rarely noticed by researchers. Also, we want to show that how DEA can increase the overall efficiency in any system. Our main aim is the capability and the usage of DEA even in queuing system. The objectives of the work are to: Defining a technique for evaluating the operational efficiency of large-scale computer networks via data envelopment analysis and queuing models. Determining an approach for evaluation of efficiency in fuzzy queuing models with publicity and renouncement.
In the pages of this book, Eng Robert Otieno presents his research work in seaport efficiency evaluation. He focuses on four major seaports of Liaoning Province of P. R. China. He compares port resources, throughput and management approaches i.e. level of privatization across the ports and analyzes their influence on technical efficiency of each of the seaports. The aspect of time variance of technical efficiency based on change of resources, throughput and level of private/public participation is captured in the book. The book uses a combination of DEA and stochastic frontier production function model to analyze efficiency characteristics. The findings of the research presented in this book indicate that big seaports like Port of Dalian have low technical efficiencies compared to relatively smaller seaports like Dandong. The optimal level of privatization is found to be 75.27%. The book shows that port management should not only aim to focus on expansion but also ensure effective resource utilization and appropriate level of privatization in order to boost technical efficiency. This is a must read for logistics and supply chain practitioners, students and researchers.
Ports along the 7,517 odd Kilometer long peninsular coastline of India have suddenly become the cynosure of investor and public policy attention in India. Cumulative pressure for widespread policy-related reforms in the port sector coupled with growing investor interest in taking up port projects has been building up ever since the country embarked on the path of economic liberalization and opened its doors to forces of globalization. The pace of growth has particularly gathered momentum since the government invited private sector participation in development of port infrastructure, especially in designated major ports of the country in 1996. The story of India’s efforts to modernize its port infrastructure and bring them on par with the international benchmarks arguably got a kick-start with the establishment of Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT). Overall macro-economic development objectives of public policy rather than considerations of business and enterprise-level efficiency and optimization of port organizations have guided much of the understanding about the working of the ports in the country. The report covers the details of around 12 Ports situated in th
This book deals with the issue of convergence in efficiency levels among Indian public sector banks (PSBs) during the post-reforms. To accomplish the task of measuring technical efficiency for individual PSBs, we have used the increasing popular methodology of Data Envelopment Analysis. Further, we have utilized the traditional cross-sectional regression approach for investigating the presence of sigma- and beta-convergence in efficiency levels of PSBs. The empirical results indicate that the majority of PSBs have observed an ascent in technical efficiency during the post-reforms years. Further, the study confirms a presence of convergence phenomenon in the Indian public sector banking industry. This book will be useful for the research scholars intending to work on the efficiency and productivity analysis.
Indian life insurance sector witnessed the entry of a significant number of new players in the current millennium following the relaxation of entry norm for the private players. Against this background, the present study (based University Grants Commission funded Minor Research Project)made an early evaluation of the changing market composition and operating performance of the major life insurers.The study used both parametric and non-parametric approaches for the purpose of evaluation of performance and is expected to meet the needs of the researchers interested in frontier analysis.
In the recent years there has been an exponential growth in the field of herbal medicine and these drugs are gaining popularity both in developing and developed countries because of their natural origin and less side effects In India, about 80% of the rural population uses medicinal herbs or indigenous systems of medicine. Polyphenolic compounds, flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, polysaccharides and alkaloids are the major chemical moieties present in the plant species of various families and these major secondary metabolites tend to reverse or delay the diabetic complications.
A systematic evaluation of dispersion models as a tool for air quality assessment and management in a Vietnamese context was conducted with focus on technical as well as management aspects. The research studied the application of dispersion models in line with the Integrated Monitoring and Assessment (IMA) concept. The research mainly focused on the application and evaluation of Operational Street Pollution Model (OSPM) and Operational Meteorological Air Quality Model (OML) which are operational and applicable dispersion models for assessment of street and urban background air quality. An evaluation of model calculations against available measurements was carried out. This study contributed to a systematic evaluation of air pollution conditions in Hanoi and identified factors that influence air quality.
India is one of the biggest peninsulas in the world with a coastline spanning 7516.6 kms. There are nine coastal states in the country, 13 major ports and 187 notified minor and intermediate ports. These ports handle 70% of the total Indian Trade. Considering the significance of ports in trade sector it is important that the multifaceted structure of the port system in India is analysed and the influence that these ports have on the regional development of their hinterlands is systematically assessed. It is also seen that the evolution of the regional economy strongly affects the performance of ports as they are part and parcel of a overall regional economy. Thus the aim of this study was to analyse the economic and spatial implications of development of minor ports on their hinterland. This book attempt to do this through a synoptic study of the minor port sector in Gujarat with a case study of Pipavav, the oldest private port in the state.
The book is an attempt to understand the productivity issues in a knitwear industry. It tries to identify the factors affecting the productivity in knitwear industry of Ludhiana which is a major knitwear cluster in India. The book tries to assess the current productivity levels and also identify the impediments in production efficiency in order to improve cost efficiency of this industry. It also attempts to suggest improvement measures for enhancing the productivity in knitwear industry.
This book is about an evaluation of the primary school art curriculum in Zimbabwe and it is concerned with problems relating to human and material resources affecting the operational efficiency of the art curriculum. To achieve this goal, the book traces the psychological and philosophical orientation of the art curriculum in pre and post independent Zimbabwe.The book is a culmnination of ideas gathered through interviews and document analysis. In order to increase the operational efficiency of the art curriculum, the book recommends improvements ranging from the need for staff development programmes and workshops to greater need for active partcipation of primary school administrators and teachers in the evaluation and development of curriculum materials. The book also encourages involvement of support agencies in curriculumdevelopment issues and the professional growth of art educators.The author hopes that ideas contained in this book will be useful to curricularists and practioners in their endevour to achieve best practice.
The monograph considers the suggested approach, dealing with complex evaluation of energy efficiency of steam compressor heat pump plants (HPP) with electric drive, taking into account complex impact of variable operation modes of HPP, peak sources of HPP heat, sources of HPP drive energy, taking into consideration energy losses in the process of generation, supply and conversion of electric energy. The approach, aimed at complex evaluation of energy efficiency of steam compressor heat pump plants with cogeneration drive, taking into account complex impact of variable operation modes of HPP, peak sources of heat for HPP, sources of drive energy for HPP of various levels of power, taking into consideration energy losses in the process of generation, supply and conversion of electric energy, is suggested in the monograph.
Major bovine diseases like FMD, HS, BQ, Anthrax, Brucellosis and IBR are the main cause of production loss in India. Brucella and IBR can be transmitted through semen and thereby affecting a large susceptible population in a short span of time by means of artificial insemination. To improve the health of animals and its production, it is necessary to understand the disease, its occurrence, the prevalence and ultimately its prevention. Therefore, a study was taken to ascertain the prevalence of major bovine diseases in India.