In Africa, there are many regional economic communities. These regional economic communities are primarily established for the purpose of promoting economic relations within the regional states and finally to make the political and economic integration of Africa in reality. Besides, these economic communities involve in the promotion and protection of human rights in Africa. Thus,the book tries to analyze the involvement of African regional economic communities in the promotion and protection of human rights in general, and their key roles in the enforcement of human rights through their judicial organs in light of the promotion and protection of the African human rights system. The book give much emphasis on the roles and practices of the African court of human rights. Finally, the book tries to put its own concluding remarks and recommendations for the better and strong promotion and protection of human rights in Africa.
The human right to Adequate Housing is an evolving and at the same time controversial issue in global and regional human rights systems. This book will focus on assessing the key aspects of the human right to adequate housing under universal human rights system in comparison with major regional human rights systems. For the purpose of this book the key aspects of the human right to adequate housing include: normative contents; duties of States; the constituents of violations; remedies upon the materialization of violations; monitoring the implementation of the housing rights and the jurisprudential development on the human right to adequate housing. The book argues that there are great disparities in formulating the key aspects of the human right to adequate housing among the universal human rights system and the three main regional human rights systems. The book concludes that the African human rights system does not properly set the key aspects of the human right to adequate housing even though it adopted the three in one approach, when compared to both international human rights law and the two major regional human rights system which do not adopt the same approach.
This book provides an overview of human rights protection in Africa. It examines the work of the African Commission and the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights and how these bodies protects and promotes human rights on the continent. The book also examines the work of Sub-regional Economic Courts on how they protect human rights within the respective subregions. The book further examines the work of International Criminal Tribunals such as; the ICC; ICTR; and the Special Court for Sierra Leone in their role in human rights protection. In addition, it highlights on how the commission of international crimes such as; the crime of genocide; war crimes; and crimes against humanity leads to violation of civil and political rights on the one hand and economic, social and cultural rights on the other. The book finally, answer the question whether International Criminal Courts really protect and promotes human rights in the world in general
This book specifically appraises Uganda’s national legislation concerning freedom of religion in the context of the general implementation of international human rights law. It proposes a paradigm of effective coexistence as opposed to strict separation between religion and the State. More generally, this book is in response to the dearth of up to date literature in this field in many similarly situated African countries, as well as the need to take legislative measures at the national level to ensure the enforcement of international human rights norms respecting religion. Using comparative, descriptive and narrative methodology, this book draws on legislation, jurisprudence and the best practices in Africa, the European Union, the United States, South America, Australia, and the United Nations, among others. Legal practitioners, Courts, religious actors, policy makers, legislators, scholars, students, other countries interested in legislating specifically on freedom of religion, and international actors will find in this book a comprehensive compendium of the intersection of law and religion in a typical and developing African country.
Fourteen years since its establishment,the work of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights has not received the attention that should have been paid to its important contributions towards the promotion and protection of human rights in Africa. The aim of this publication is to provide not only the basic documents, but also the less well known material related to the jurisprudence emanating from the consideration of communications. This volume therefore includes, amongst other material, the twelve activity reports adopted by the Commission, resolutions, and final communiques from the sessions. This is the first attempt to reproduce comprehensively the many documents of the Commission adopted since its inception in 1987. It will be an essential reference for academics, students, and practitioners. The publication is produced in collaboration with the African Society for International and Comparative Law, the Centre for Human Rights at the University of Pretoria and Interights in London.
In the limited literature that emerged on the African human rights system, the ineffectiveness and inadequacy of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights was almost a common ground. Whatever promise it may have held at the time the Commission was conceived and established, it did not take long for the alleged ineffectiveness of its work as a regional human rights body to emerge as one of the main criticisms. Even worse is the relatively scant attention paid to the role played by African Commission in the regional promotion and protection of human rights, despite their central role in monitoring and applying the rights that are enshrined in the African Charter for Human and Peoples’ Rights. The result is that there is very little published detailed analysis on the yardsticks and methodologies that are suitable for the evaluation of the performance of regional and international human rights monitoring organs. The writer of this book is confident that both students and researchers, particularly those who are interested in the African Commission, will find this book to be handy and a suitable resource.
The author still concern Africa by analyzing the efficiency and anomalies of African stock market and opportunities of integration. The scholar has written some work papers analyzing the performance of some of those African countries from both aspects economical and financial. Through this book, the Author is trying to evaluate the financial behavior during the period of study, especially performance of stock markets. Stock market has a strong conduct which can be kind of indication to the economical trend. Furthermore, the investment opportunities could occur if the financial behavior could be treated better and reformed. Finally, the author is trying to put the spot on the importance of studying Africa as one of the main financial partners in the next decades.
Over some years before and after 1948, human rights issues have been a daily agenda of harmonizing an observance of rights with the eye of humanitarian ground. Human rights have been recognized internationally through United nations Human Rights Committee and Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. In the regions, the European Human Rights Convention and Inter-American Human Rights have made a big step ahead for protection, promotion and enforcement of rights either individually or as groups or associations. In domestic level there are still some challenges whereby the protection, respect and enforcement of human rights is a problem especially vulnerable groups such as people with disabilities, children, women and girls, stateless, displaced people and refugees. Therefore, this book provides the insights of human rights in international and national perspectives. Chapter one provides the theoretical foundations of human rights. The book also has touched the categories of human rights that is political, civil, economic, social, cultural and group rights as provided under chapter four. Human rights of specific groups such as women and girls, children, persons with disability
The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, established in 1987, was the third regional instrument, after the European and American systems, for the promotion and protection of human rights. This book, drawing on the jurisprudence and practice of the Commission, challenges the applicability of international law to the African situation. Following an examination of the evolution of the African Charter and the status of ratification, Murray questions the opposing dichotomy approach of international law. Her critical analysis covers the notion of the state, the issue of personality and the application of the international law distinctions between war and peace and judicial and amicable disputes. The experience and approach of the African Commission is compared with that of other regional and international bodies, leading to the conclusion that a more holistic approach to international law is required if human rights are to be adequately protected. In addition to making an important contribution to legal scholarship on the subject of the Commission this book will serve as a reference work, a textbook and an invaluable practitioners tool. 'Dr Murray shows a depth of knowledge, a sensitivity in understanding and a passion for the advancement of human rights in Africa. The book makes a contribution to scholarship on the work of the African Commission which has not been widely acknowledged'. N Barney Pityana, Member African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Theoretical Issues 2 Evolution of the African Charter and status of Ratification 3 The Notion of the State 4 The Issue of Personality 5 The Dichotomy of Laws Applicable in Times of War and Peace 6 The Amicable/Judicial Dichotomy 7 Conclusion Appendices I - VIII
The tapestry of the splendour of African history has but received disproportionate attention in international scholarship on the African continent. These scholarships contrived erroneous beliefs that the history of Africa resided in utter darkness. This misleading historicity, though increasingly losing currency, has negatively influenced scholarship on the origin and philosophy of human rights prompting western dominance in both the discourse and attribution of the evolution and growth of the movement of human rights. This book forms a critical discourse by venturing to examine the concept and manifestations of human rights from an African philosophic perspective in a bid to reveal the excellent inputs from a continent once equated with intellectual penury. Whilst this work could prove a useful tool for both human right scholars/academics and human rights activists especially in Africa who continue to be confronted with remarks of modern notions of human rights being Eurocentric, it could further enrich and reinforce the universality of the applicability of human rights.
This is the second volume of Documents of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights published by Hart Publishing (Volume I, 1999, ISBN:9781841130927). The second volume includes the key documents published between 1998 and 2007. Once again the aim of the work is to provide not only the basic documents, but also the less well known material related to the jurisprudence emanating from the consideration of communications. This volume therefore includes, amongst other material, the most recent activity reports adopted by the Commission, resolutions, and final communiques from the sessions. Together with Volume I this is the most comprehensive available set of documents on the African Commission, and will be an essential reference for academics, students, and practitioners.
Disability rights are in essence human rights that are enjoyed or ought to be enjoyed by persons living with disabilities (PWDs). Before the adoption of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons Living with Disabilities, international law only offered protection for the rights of PWDs in scattered instruments, rather than in one holistic convention. The same can be said regarding the protection offered by the regional block, the African Union. The purpose of this book is to examine the nature or form of disability rights, and to assess whether the African regional human rights protection mechanism adequately protects them. In other words, the study makes an attempt to understand whether the current appalling status of PWDs can be blamed on normative paucity of the African human rights system. To achieve this, the author will comb the African human rights instruments and existing jurisprudence, and based on the findings, will assess the propriety or otherwise of adopting a disability specific instrument for the continent and recommend accordingly.
The objective of this comprehensive study of human rights in Islam, is to present that ideal image developed by Islam for human rights, illustrate how Islam has respected and guaranteed these rights, and woman's rights status all of this is to be put into comparison with international declarations, treaties and conventions of human rights and actual applications of these rights. The international community and organizations including the United Nations concern them selves with various issues such as freedom, justice, democracy, human rights, security, peace society, environment, economics and development. but as human rights constitute a common factor among these issues. i have chosen to discuss this topics. Human rights in the context of Islamic sharia , significance of this topic, from Islamic perspective of view. From the fact that bring is the one who is the center of all things. If granted these basic rights and freedoms, people would tend to settle down, endeavor to progress and stop fighting their governments.
International human rights laws are adopted to protect and promote the interests of the international community.The economic, social and cultural rights are part and parcel of International Bill of Rights.These instruments refer the obligations of states to provide effective remedies for violations of rights.Ethiopia as a party to the international covenant on economic, social and cultural rights shall observe the obligations that are imposed on states parties. This book endeavors to analyse the justiciability of socio-economic rights in the Ethiopian Judicial system.
This book shows through its nine chapters that to what extent the human rights approach have been used by the government and NGOs in respect of poverty reduction in third world country like Bangladesh. It focuses on legal framework and development issues in the light of international human rights law e.g. right-based approach. The book considers the various approaches of poverty reduction in the context of Bangladesh involving the international human rights law. Furthermore, his book discusses about outcome of the national budgets of Bangladesh and inspects the loopholes in it. This book comes to the conclusion that the proper application of normative frameworks helps to ensure accountability and non-discrimination, participation through empowering the poor people. In reaching to the conclusion, this book offers an analysis of the nature of various approaches of poverty reduction, nature obligation of the government and NGOs to formulate a pro-poor right-based budget in Bangladesh in light of international human rights.