A voluminous literature is available on the comparative anatomical and histological aspects of various organs of a number of species of bats from different parts of the world. The present book deals with the structural organization including study of both; the anatomy as well as histology of a single species of bat. It is a type study of an insectivorous Leaf-nosed bat Hipposideros speoris (Scneider,1800), which is widely distributed in the Indian sub continent. The presentation of the subject is made simple, but without omitting the minute details of the critical studies of various organs of each and every system of the body. The line drawings and microphotographs are self explanatory. Special mention of the scale bar, staining technique followed and expert comments for each plate provide a complete perception of the subject. This book may prove to be a ready reference for the biologists in general and the researchers interested in various fields of study pertaining to bats
A plant is a natural hierarchical structure, which exhibits remarkable mechanical properties. The macro (scale) mechanical properties of a plant are the cumulative outcome of the structural properties of its preceding level of structural hierarchy. To develop engineering structures inspired by a plant and its organs, a comprehensive characterization of its mechanical properties exhibited at multiple hierarchical orders is essential. This work presents a set of theoretical and computational models at various orders of the structural hierarchy to capture the overall structural properties of a plant petiole. The modeling method is framed within a multiscale mechanics framework, which is essential for any structure displaying hierarchical orders of organization. The macro structural properties, i.e. flexural and torsional stiffness, of a plant petiole are obtained by correlating cell wall construction, tissue microstructure, and structural shape morphology.
Establishing a solid competitive edge of any organization requires not only individual training of employees, but their constant and continuous development within any group or organization through formation, exchange and application of knowledge and skills. Establishing an HR development system that may successfully implement that idea seems a big challenge, but the system activity assessment is a greater one. Based on the results of the PH.D. research, this monograph examines the HRD system activity through the perspective of the structural- functional approach. Development and integration of structural-functional interactions within any organization (primarily, through realization of relevant training interventions) will make the system structurally mature and enable to implement its educational elements. In this case the HR development''s function becomes the most crucial for the organizational development, which makes it possible to speak of effectiveness of the HRD system. The present research may be of immediate interest to students, scholars and practitioners majoring in HR Management and HR Development.
Structural dynamics is a subset of structural analysis which covers the behavior of structures subjected to dynamic loading. The subject has seen rapid growth and also change in how the basic concepts can be interpreted. For instance, the classical notions of discretizing the operator of a dynamic structural model have given way to a set-theoretic, function-space based framework, which is more conducive to implementation with a computer. This modern perspective, as adopted in this book, is also helpful in putting together the various tools and ideas in a more integrated style. Elements of Structural Dynamics: A New Perspective is devoted to covering the basic concepts in linear structural dynamics, whilst emphasizing their mathematical moorings and the associated computational aspects that make their implementation in software possible. Key features: Employs a novel ‘top down’ approach to structural dynamics. Contains an insightful treatment of the computational aspects, including the finite element method, that translate into numerical solutions of the dynamic equations of motion. Consistently touches upon the modern mathematical basis for the theories and approximations involved. Elements of Structural Dynamics: A New Perspective is a holistic treatise on structural dynamics and is an ideal textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate students in Mechanical, Aerospace and Civil engineering departments. This book also forms a useful reference for researchers and engineers in industry.
India is known for its diversity of wildlife and it harbors over 100 species of bats, both small and large. The largest is the Indian flying fox and the rarest is the Salim Ali’s fruit bat. In 1948, naturalist Angus Hutton collected this species from the High Wavy Mountains of Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu state. But, it was misidentified as the common short-nosed fruit bat. In 1972, taxonomist Kitti Thonglongya reexamined the specimen and declared it as a new species. It was named after the renowned ornithologist, Salim Ali. This endangered species has a restricted distribution and it entered the Guinness Book of World Records in 1993 as one of the three rarest bats in the world. The author is one among a few biologists who have actually seen, studied, captured and released the Salim Ali’s fruit bat into the wild. This book provides rare field data on the population status, ecology, behavior and conservation of fruit bats in Tamil Nadu state of India, including the highly endangered Salim Ali’s fruit bat.
Thoroughly revised and updated, the second edition of this well-respected book provides the most comprehensive coverage of structural design, ideal for undergraduates in all years of civil engineering and structural engineering courses. Fully up-to-date with the most recent structural Eurocodes, it provides a detailed study of design using the four most important materials for construction: concrete, steel, timber and masonry. Design of Structural Elements - is fully up-to-date for the structural Eurocodes - features a wealth of practical problems and real-world examples - includes more than 500 easy-to-follow diagrams - comprehensively covers all the key topics, including a detailed section on structural analysis Translating theory into practice with plenty of worked examples, this user-friendly text is an indispensable resource both for students and for practising engineers looking to refresh their knowledge.
In a time where human resource is the only factor that can create a sustainable competitive advantage, it is very necessary to understand the employees of the organization. This books looks into the culture of the organizations through the use of five dimension model of culture. It determines what is the impact of the culture of the organization on the level of employee retention in the organization. How the increase and decrease of any one dimension can turn the tables around for an organization. It also relates the culture of the organization to the culture of a nation and how it helps in creating an organizational culture that is cohesive to employee retention. It sheds light on how to create that perfect organizational culture that creates a win win situation for both the employees and organization.
Since the first description of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in 1551 its reputation has changed from that of a mere curiosity of little physiological significance in adult humans, to meriting reclassification as a metabolic organ in its own right. Obesity is a major global public health problem. Modulation of non-shivering thermogenesis through BAT manipulation offers an attractive therapeutic target for inducing weight loss. Testing the efficacy of such pharmacological agents requires a reliable imaging biomarker to quantify BAT. In this book we evaluate the effectiveness of positron-emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in quantifying BAT. We perform a retrospective analysis of 3,295 PET/CT scans to identify determinants of BAT prevalence and volume. We also assess patterns of BAT occurrence to assess the reliability of PET/CT as a reference standard. Concerns over the radiation dose of PET/CT scans has stimulated research into MRI as an alternative means of detecting BAT, with the potential to identify BAT irrespective of its activation state. We explore methods of BAT identification using fat quantification in rats post mortem and adult humans in vivo.
Perceptual organization comprises a wide range of processes such as perceptual grouping, figure-ground organization, filling-in, completion, and perceptual switching. The Oxford Handbook of Perceptual Organization provides a broad and extensive review of the current literature, written in an accessible form for scholars and students.
A new edition of Francis D.K. Ching's illustrated guide to structural design Structures are an essential element of the building process, yet one of the most difficult concepts for architects to grasp. While structural engineers do the detailed consulting work for a project, architects should have enough knowledge of structural theory and analysis to design a building. Building Structures Illustrated takes a new approach to structural design, showing how structural systems of a building—such as an integrated assembly of elements with pattern, proportions, and scale—are related to the fundamental aspects of architectural design. The book features a one-stop guide to structural design in practice, a thorough treatment of structural design as part of the entire building process, and an overview of the historical development of architectural materails and structure. Illustrated throughout with Ching's signature line drawings, this new Second Edition is an ideal guide to structures for designers, builders, and students. Updated to include new information on building code compliance, additional learning resources, and a new glossary of terms Offers thorough coverage of formal and spatial composition, program fit, coordination with other building systems, code compliance, and much more Beautifully illustrated by the renowned Francis D.K. Ching Building Structures Illustrated, Second Edition is the ideal resource for students and professionals who want to make informed decisions on architectural design.
Durbar Mahila Samanwaya Committee (DMSC), the first ever sex workers organization, came into being in India 1992 as a result of a large scale public health intervention among the brothel based sex workers in Sonagachi red light district in Kolkata, India. The organization later owned and now is running the largest HIV intervention program in the country. While scaling up the program, it turned the bio-medical intervention into a community led structural intervention where community ownership and community empowerment were key factors for the success of HIV intervention among the most stigmatized and marginalized communities which were adopted by UN agencies in its policy for HIV intervention in the country.
A Theory of Public Bureaucracy – Politics Personality & Organization in the State
The role of the transcendental leader is needed to assist in achieving the workers happiness and satisfaction with their jobs and in the same time helping the organization to achieve business objectives and allow the employees to flourish within the organization. The main objective of this study is to analyze the role of transcendental leadership to achieve organization performance using workers job satisfaction as mediating variable. All the data is statistically analyzed using the Structural Equation Method model. Findings of this research indicate that there’s a positive effect between transcendental leadership; workers job satisfaction and organization performance; in which workers job satisfaction has the greatest effect into organization performance, meanwhile the transcendental leadership doesn’t have significant effect directly into organization performance. The future research should consider the importance role of the leader for organization performance by setting-up core value within organization. This study is the first, to the researcher’s knowledge, to see the effect of all dimensions of transcendental leadership into workers job satisfaction.
This study was designed to investigate the differences in organizational structures and business activities management between agricultural cooperatives in Japan and Vietnam, and to suggest the relevant experience on management of agricultural cooperatives from Japan to Vietnam. The comparative analyzes show that although there were commonalities of agricultural cooperatives of Japan and Vietnam, there existed a number of differences in terms of historical development, legal framework, structural organization, and business activities. There were also differences in types and organization of business activities. The reasons for both the commonalities and differences have been found so diverse, including the distance of economic development level between two countries. As a result,Vietnamese agricultural cooperatives can learn a lot of relevant lessons from Japanese case for better future development.
The comprehensive reference on the basics of structural analysis and design, now updated with the latest considerations of building technology Structural design is an essential element of the building process, yet one of the most difficult to learn. While structural engineers do the detailed consulting work for a building project, architects need to know enough structural theory and analysis to design a building. Most texts on structures for architects focus narrowly on the mathematical analysis of isolated structural components, yet Building Structures looks at the general concepts with selected computations to understand the role of the structure as a building subsystem—without the complicated mathematics. New to this edition is a complete discussion of the LRFD method of design, supplemented by the ASD method, in addition to: The fundamentals of structural analysis and design for architects A glossary, exercise problems, and a companion website and instructor's manual Material ideally suited for preparing for the ARE exam Profusely illustrated throughout with drawings and photographs, and including new case studies, Building Structures, Third Edition is perfect for nonengineers to understand and visualize structural design.